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Biography of Hassan FATHY

Egypt > Professionals : Hassan FATHY

Hassan FATHY
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Born on 23/03/1900 (format : day/month/year)

Biography :

Hassan Fathy (b. March 23, 1900- Died November 30, 1-989, was an Egyptian architect.

He is the first Egyptian Architect in the 20th century who did not import Architectural Ideologies from the west. On contrary, he exported new Ideologies, and represented to the world a whole new architecture after re-discovering the marvels of his heritage, and re-weaving the strings together to generate this new Architecture.

Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. He integrated a knowledge of the rural Egyptian economic situation with a wide knowledge of ancient architectural and town design techniques. He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own buildings. Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling.


Last update : 09/18/2008

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